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Art lovers must be aware of the word ‘Gouache’. Though, many confuse Gouache with watercolor but both are two completely different things. The word gouache has originated from the Italian word “guazzo” which means water paint or splash. It first appeared in 16th century Italy. The Italian artists used to apply oil paint over a tempera base and that’s where it acquired its name. From there, it traveled all around the world and found immense popularity in art community for its usefulness.

Gouache basically refers to a type of paint consisting of pigment suspended in water. People often mistake gouache for watercolor because of presence of pigments and particles. But in reality, gouache is heavier because of presence of an inert white material. Gouache is also more opaque and clearly demonstrates better reflective qualities whereas particles are larger in watercolor.

Talking about the technique of gouache, it is quite deceptive in nature. Compared to watercolors, gouache is considered as a more immediate medium of painting. When wet, it is actually drier than it appears. Because of this particular reason, using gouache one finds difficult to achieve the same shading in multiple painting sessions. Though gouache offers limited number of works to artists but is used frequently for graphic works that include designing works and posters.

J.M.W. Turner was one of the foremost English landscape painters. He used gouache in many innovative ways and did amazing work with the medium. He is also known for using wash technique because for which he was termed “painter of the light”. He was one of the leading exponents of gouache art medium that inspired several other artists.


June 30, 2010 Posted by | Painting Media | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Wax painting

Art lovers must have heard of wax painting. Originally known as hot wax painting or encaustic wax, this is actually a very old method of painting. It is believed that first wax painting was created centuries ago. It is hard to explain the original components of wax paintings in ancient ages because the culture of this painting method has kept changing. However, the credit for this beautiful form of painting goes to Roman and Egyptian culture. Number of application techniques was used to make paintings from wax. In this method, heated beeswax is used in combination with colored pigments. The resultant paste is further used on a surface made of wood. Canvas is also used in the surface.

In earlier ages, wax was boiled in salt seawater and then strained. The later function was performed with the help of cheesecloth to remove contaminations. This process was repeated several times before the wax was left in sun or moonlight for several days. Once the wax was properly bleached, sodium hydrogen carbonate was added to it for the purpose of saponified. The last stage included of rinsing the product in lukewarm water and air-dried.

Before using the final product in painting, it was mixed with other natural ingredients. There were several domestic tools used for making a perfect wax painting. Some of the popular tools were, mixing trays and containers, hot plate, brushes and knives, and hot-air guns. The culture of encaustic painting is still prevalent in certain parts of the world.

May 30, 2010 Posted by | Forms of Paintings | , , , , | Leave a comment