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Splendor Of Indian Art!

Spiritual Motifs

Art aficionados must be aware of the term spiritual motifs in bewitching world of paintings. These motifs have always been very special and have an important present in range of paintings. Right from Hindu paintings to Christian paintings or even Thangka Paintings, the spiritual motifs have remained an integral presence in them. The motifs have an element of serenity and tranquility.

If we talk about Hindu paintings, then they have always been influenced by Hindu epics and Puranas. The stories are magnificent and imaginative as well. Hindu paintings are known for having spiritually uplifting elements. One can find many colorful portraits of Hindu Gods and Goddesses in numerous Hindu households.

If we look at Christian paintings, the prime purpose of these paintings was to educate illiterate Christians. It was in fact a clever ploy to include spiritual elements in the paintings as they fulfilled the need of being simplistic as well as spiritual. The most dominant theme in Christian paintings was life of Christ.

 Thangka paintings belong to Buddhism and this religion by its very origin is spiritual in nature. Thankga paintings beautifully depict spiritual philosophy of Buddhism. These paintings are nothing but complex web of minor figures signifying spiritual dimension of the life. Thangka paintings thrive on spirituality and that also explains their popularity in the world of art. Spirituality has always remained a dominant theme in sphere of art and spiritual motifs are just shining representative of this eternal fact.

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November 16, 2009 Posted by | Forms of Paintings | , , , , | Leave a comment

Minimalism

Minimalism is one of the most appealing forms of painting media. It is basically an art form that solely focuses upon core expressions. Only the most fundamental features of the theme are covered in this form and it is sans any extravagance or unnecessary decoration. In general sense of the term, minimalism uses simple geometric design and the usage of colors is quite limited. The minimalistic form had its quota of criticisms and rejection in its eventful journey. It was given several unflattering terms like authoritarian, futile, elitist, mechanistic and pedantic etc. But the main strength of this form is its rejection of any kind of self-expression, narrative, social comment or any specific need of approval. Minimalism aims at creating objects of beauty and interest.

The origin land of Minimalism is USA. Black paintings of legendary Frank Stella bore first signs of minimalism and these works also inspired other artists to go for this new style. Initially, sculptors were the major followers of this form than the painters. An exhibition named, ‘Primary Structures’ held in New York in 1966 left an indelible mark in the history of art.

David Burlyuk is credited to be the first artist to make the term ‘minimalism’ a popular one. This term was used as early as 1929 but it came into prominence during 1960s movement. Initially, this movement was not given its due importance but things changed drastically afterwards. As a painting style, Minimalism is quite precise and hard edged. All in all, Minimalism is a wonderful form of painting.

October 26, 2009 Posted by | Forms of Paintings | , , , , , | Leave a comment

G.R.Santosh

Gulam Rasool Santosh was a talented artist who had terrific control over two of the most enticing art forms, painting and poetry. He made a wonderful mixture of these two diverse mediums to express on his canvases. His paintings had certain element of his birthplace, the ephemeral beauty of Kashmir valley. His art works were beautiful and aesthetic and that what endeared them to viewers.  Born in 1929 in a middle class family in Kashmir, he always had a thing for natural beauty right from the very beginning. He started to draw since the time he was in class II. He initially focused on beautiful landscapes of Kashmir and did many of them before he moved to some other themes.

He did study art till higher secondary but he had to abandon his study midway because of family responsibility. One unique aspect of his paintings was fascinating depiction of geometric shapes and theme of Kashmir figuring predominantly in his works. Santosh’s work evokes certain mysticism about the valley. He was extremely good at perceiving the natural beauty of Kashmir in a semi-abstract form and that’s what distinguishes him from painters of his ilk. Geometric shape helped his works in creating a harmonic feel.

Santosh also covered cubist landscapes that brought him great fame and name. He organized more than 30 exhibitions of his art works. Santosh was a recipient of the Lalit Kala Academy award and in 1977; he was honored with the Padma Shree. He died in 1997 in New Delhi.

September 22, 2009 Posted by | Indian Artists | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Sawlaram Lakshman Haldankar

glow of hopeThere are many jewels in the crown of Indian art. Some of them have attained worldwide fame and some others have kept on giving us one gem after another in a silent manner. Indian art is indebted to its disciples who have been instrumental in making Indian art reach another height. One of the talent artists whose art works have remained subject of appreciation and class was Sawlaram Lakshman Haldankar. Born in 1882 in Savantwadi, Maharashtra, he was a born talent. He showed interest in paintings at an early age. Like several other imminent artists, he also joined the best Indian art college, i.e, Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai.

 Sawlaram Lakshman Haldankar learned the art of painting from Dhurandhar and Cecil Burns and soon he started to win several prizes. Exhibitions of his wonderful art works were organized at places like Mumbai, Chennai, Shimla and the Royal Society of Artists, London. He established Haldankar Art Institute in 1908 in Mumbai. In association with other prominent artists, he formed the Art Society of India in 1918 and was designated its president. His fame and popularity can be measured from his numerous art works adorning places like Prince of Wales Museum, Mumbai, Nagpur Museum, Nagpur, National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi, Delhi Art Gallery, Jagmohan Palace, Mysore and Academy of Art, Moscow, USSR. His mastery in art was truly represented in water color and oils, and portraits. He also won several awards from Indian government.

August 15, 2009 Posted by | Indian Artists | , , , | Leave a comment

Fake Artwork

They say, art inspires but a little known fact is, art also inspires in not so positive way. The way, Indian art has moved on to world stage, there is a danger lurking in the corners. Yes, I am referring to fake art. Now a day, it has become common news to find fake arts. Most of these fake arts have been super copy of original works of great art and many art buyers have fallen victim to fake artworks. Such fake works are so skillfully created that it becomes really difficult to identify them. But solutions have also arrived. Thanks to the technological revolution era, we are living in; we can take help of new age equipments to identify fake work.

Arte experts use techniques like radiography, microscope, dating techniques and chemical analysis to identify fake art. Now, it is possible to identify even a centuries old art work using radio carbon dating technique. Things that are invisible to naked eyes can be identified with the help of x-ray photography and infrared. Artists’ fingerprints can be revealed with the help of X-ray fluorescence. Old paintings develop fine cracks known as craquelcure. These cracks appear because of environmental issues and factors like air and dust. Craquelcure can only be found in old paintings.

Digital authentication is another effective method through which fake art work is identified. In this technique, a picture is broken down into parts called as sub bands. With the help of these sub bands, the originality of art work is established. Apart from these techniques, several other new methods have arrived to help us in identifying fake works.

July 29, 2009 Posted by | Contemporary Art | , , , | Leave a comment

Indian Pottery

One of the ancient arts of India that has continued to exist even today is Pottery. It was practiced during old ages and even now one can see pottery work in many parts of the country. It’s tough to exactly pinpoint the date and time of origin of this art but it is being suggested that Neolithic period witnessed the advent of pottery. Many handmade pottery objects have been found that belonged to Neolithic age. These objects are in various colors like red, black, cream, white and orange. Utensils that were used included jars, bowls and vessels. Wheel made pottery was found in excavation. Archaeological sites of Harappa and Mohenjodaro have been found with several handmade potteries.

 If we talk about Indus Valley civilization then relics found were basically red wares that were black painted. Indian pottery went through sort of evolution as the time panned out. New styles of pottery emerged during subsequent era. One of the oldest form of pottery is unglazed pottery that has been in practice since centuries. Unglazed pottery is divided into three types of paper thin pottery, scrafito and highly polished pottery.

 The era of glazed pottery began in 12th century AD; these were fine potteries of Persian models. Terracotta is quite common form of pottery in many parts of India. Lastly, Papier-Mache pottery is made up of paper pulp. All these pottery forms are still in existence and practiced in many parts of India with fervor.

June 25, 2009 Posted by | Indian Art | , , , , | Leave a comment

Abanindranath Tagore

Born on 7th August 1871 in the Jorasanko Town of West Bengal, Abanindranath Tagore was the nephew of Rabindranath Tagore. He is one artist one made a great contribution in the evolution of Indian art. One of the most prominent artists of his era, he is credited to revive Bengal school of painting. Abanindranath Tagore was a firm believer of swadeshi values incorporated in Indian art. A multi-dimensional personality, he was equally proficient in writing. Indian art world respects him for his contribution in modernizing Rajput and Mughal traditions. He did in the time when western art was establishing its roots during British Raj.

Abanindranath Tagore belonged to a family of artists. The whole world knows about his great uncle. Even his elder brother Gaganendranath Tagore was an acclaimed artist. He started learning arts in early 1880s. He married Srimati Suhasini Devi in the year 1889. He was deeply influenced by intricacies of Mughal art and started to focus on watercolors. His creations include wonderful paintings of Lord Krishna in Mughal style. He also worked with famous E.B. Havell and tried working for renewal of style of teaching Indian art.

Abanindranath Tagore was a firm beliver of the traditional Indian techniques of painting. Traditional art froms were his forte. He could never generate any interest in materialistic art of the western world. Two forms of art that left an indelible mar on his mindset were Mughal paintings and Whistler’s Aestheticism. He was also a big supporter of Eastern spiritual and artistic culture. His fascination towards integrating Chinese and Japanese calligraphic traditions into his art works are a clear example of this fact. His contribution to Indian art can never be forgotten.

May 31, 2009 Posted by | Indian Artists | , , | Leave a comment

Satish Gujral

India has produced several leading lights in the field of art and literature. The world of Indian art has been enriched by presence of top class talents in different eras. As we explore the world of talented Indian artists, one of the shining names that strike us is Satish Gujral. Very few artists are found as versatile as Satish Gujral. His talent is stretched across beautiful worlds of murals, paintings, sculptures and graphics. Not many people know but the multi-dimensional personality in question has also ventured into fascinating world of interior designing and architecture. He truly proves that even with some sort of permanent handicap, if the will is strong nothing can stop you.

                                                

Satish Gujral was born in the year 1925. He lost his ability to hear when he was just eight. He completed his studies from reputed Mayo School of Art and Sir J.J. School of Art. After initial brush with Progressive Artists Group, he prefreed to chart his own course and delved deep into modern art. He went to Mexico for his apprenticeship with famous artists Diego Rivera and David Sequeiros. He turned out to be a diversified artis with interest in different forms of art. Several exhibitions of his work have taken place in India as well as places as far as Mexico, Tokyo, Berlin, Stockholm and Rome. He has won several awards including, National Award for Sculpture, Padma Vibhushan, International award for Life Time Achievements (Mexico), National Award for Painting, Order of the Crown, Belgium (for Architecture) and Leonardo Da Vinci Award among others.

 

April 30, 2009 Posted by | Indian Artists | , , | Leave a comment

Nandlal Bose

nandlalNandlal Bose belonged to the earlier era of Indian art when Indian paintings had started to make significant impression to the outer world. He was a painter of historic artistic tradition. He also excelled at representing contemporary practices of Indian art form. Born in December 1882 in Bihar, Nandlal Bose is regarded as one of illuminating lights of modern art of India. He learned his basics from painters of great repute like Havell and Abanindranath. One of the prominent artists of the modern India, he gathered the basics of art at Calcutta Government College of Art between 1905 and 1910. Thereafter he further enhanced his talent at Abanindranath’s Art School. This was the place where he truly learned to explore various mesmerizing facets of art from legends like Harinarayan Basu, Iswari Prasad and master Abanindranath himself. He spent no less than 5 years learning under Abanindranath and honed his skills to an unparallel level.

 

The first exhibition of Nandlal Bose’s paintings took place in 1911. it was just the beginning of what turned out to be an eventful journey for this supremely talented artist. Several exhibitions of his art work has taken place in many parts of India and as well as abroad. People were fortunate to witness his wonderful works at Societe des Peintres Orientalistes Francais at Grand Palais in Paris, American Federation of Art, Crystal Palace of England, Centenary Retrospective Exhibition, The Netherlands & Imperial Institute of England, and Athenee Gallery of Geneva.

 

He was an active member of famous movement of renaissance of art in India. Nandlal Bose was a principal of Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan (founded by great Rabindranath Tagore) between 1922 and 1951. He left us on 16th April 1966 but his immense contributions will always remain etched in our memory.

April 20, 2009 Posted by | Indian Artists | , , | Leave a comment

Jatin Das

Born in the year 1941 in the Mayurbhanj district of Orissa, Jatin Das is one of the most creative and acclaimed stars of Indian art word. A multi-dimensional personality, he is equally talented in sculpture, painting, poetry, murals and graphic art. His achievements precede his name. It has been a memorable journey for this famous artist. Right from the very beginning he was creatively inclined. He completed his studies from prestigious Sir J. J. School of Art in Bombay. After finishing his college in 1962, he dived deep into the mesmerizing world of art. To his credit, he has organized more than 37 solo exhibitions on national and international level.

 

Some famous international exhibitions attended by him are; Documenta in Kessel (1975) and Biennales in Paris (1971), and in Venice (1978). He was a keen learner and that fact is manifested in the fact that he attended four workshops and more than fourteen artists’ camps. Artists tend to be very sensitive toward social causes and Jatin Das was no exception.  He donated his art works at various charity shows in order to raise funds for the underprivileged.

 

It was natural for an artist of caliber of Jatin Das to impart his huge knowledge and that explains his stint at Jamia Milia Islamia University. He also taught at National School of Drama (NSD) and School of Planning and Architecture. He was adept at depicting human figures using myriad colors. Extremely proficient at portraying deeply rooted emotions, Jatin Das was a master of linear arrangement and invigorating brushwork. His contribution to Indian art has been noting but extremely significant.

April 10, 2009 Posted by | Indian Fine Art | , , | Leave a comment